Fundamentals : System & Control volume; Property, State & Process; Exact & Inexact differentials

Work: Thermodynamic definition of work; Displacement work; Path dependence of displacement work and illustrations for simple processes; Other forms of work – electrical, spring and shaft

Temperature: Definition of thermal equilibrium, Zeroth law; Temperature scales; Thermometers

Heat: Definition; examples of heat/work interaction in systems

First Law: Cyclic & Non-cyclic processes; Concept of total energy E; Demonstration that E is a Property; Various modes of energy; Pure substance

Ideal Gases and ideal gas mixtures

Properties of two phase systems: Constant temperature and Constant pressure heating of water; Definitions of saturated states; p-v-T surface; Use of steam tables and R134a Tables; Saturation Tables; Superheated tables; Identification of states & determination of properties

First Law for Flow Processes: Derivation of general energy equation for a control volume; Steady state steady flow processes including throttling; steady flow devices; Unsteady process

Second Law: Definitions of direct and reverse heat engines; Definitions of thermal efficiency and COP; Kelvin-Planck and Clausius statements; Definition of reversible process; Internal and external irreversibilities; Carnot cycle; Absolute temperature scale

Entropy: Clausius inequality; Definition of entropy S; Demonstration that entropy S is a property; Evaluation of S for solids, liquids, ideal gases and ideal gas mixtures undergoing various processes; Determination of s from steam tables; Principle of Increase of entropy; Illustration of processes in T-S coordinates; Definition of Isentropic efficiency for compressors, turbines and nozzles

Thermodynamic cycles: Basic Rankine cycle;Basic Brayton cycle;Basic vapor compression cycle

- Teacher: Krishna Seshagiri